Best Practices

Best Practice-1: Eco friendly initiative in the College

Objectives of the practice:

  • Management and production of clean energy.
  • Efforts for achieving Carbon neutrality.
  • Plantation pursuits.
  • Hazardous waste management.
  • E-waste management.
The Context: Almost all systems operating in the society are energy dependant and the conventional sources are depleting day in and day out. Presently fuel energy (petroleum, atomic, electric) has almost reached to its threshold levels of production whereas the rate of consumption is just picking up. Associated with the production of this energy is the issue of emanating residues which cause environment degradation thus lead to a much bigger problem. The solution to this vexed situation is the initiation of measures which are environment friendly e.g. production and use of clean and green energy- the solar energy. And work to reduce the emission of carbon as a consequence of human activities, increase plant cover in the campus and outside.
The Practice: Clean energy- The College over a period of time is striving to conserve energy on one hand and harvest solar energy on the other so that dependence on the conventional energy is restricted to a bare minimum or surplus energy is produced through non conventional methods. Students and teachers are made aware of the importance of energy conservation and its benefits. College makes maximum use of natural lighting in order to avoid day time use of electricity. Florescent bulbs have been fully replaced with LED bulbs & tubes. Electric devices are used judiciously. There are standing instructions to the staff and students to unplug electrical devices when not in use. .Electric wirings of the buildings and service line are periodically checked and damages if any are repaired or the wiring is completely replaced. Star rating equipments are installed to cut down the energy consumptions. Solar panel has been installed on the roof tops of three main buildings of the college. These solar panels cumulatively generate solar power to the tune of 800 KWH (units) as against the total power consumption of 66000 units/year. The campus is also fitted with solar lights for illumination during nights. The College has achieved a perceptible reduction in the consumption of energy because of these measures on top of it significant quantity of solar power is generated by the solar panels systems put in place.
Biogas plant: The College has installed a biogas plant in the hostel which has a capacity ofFTGB-200-01 (ISO CERTIFIED.This gas is used as a source of fuel in the hostel kitchen. The organic waste generated in the hostel as the leftover of the kitchen waste, the vegetable refuse and fruit peels are fed into the biogas plant along with some cow dung. The gas plant takes care in the disposal of organic waste and generates energy to cut down the energy consumption of the College.
Efforts for achieving carbon neutrality:-The idea is to strike a balance between the emission of carbon and its removal from the atmosphere within the campus. Following measures have been in place to achieve this goal
  • Burning of wood, leaves, plastic. Paper etc are strictly prohibited.
  • Petroleum fuel dependant appliances like Generators, burners etc are serviced regularly, so that the efficiency of combustion of fuel is enhanced and very limited residual carbon is emitted out.
  • Vehicles beyond a specified number are not allowed in the campus at a given time.
  • There is standing instruction from the administration to adhere to the concept of pooling of cars.

Plantation pursuits: The College Botanical garden maintains a rich collection of plants. Most of the plants raised in the garden are medicinal herbs however some tree species are also available. The College has land constraint as such a large number of plants have been grown in pots. Further, that a small vertical garden has also been raised in the botanical garden. All these measures have been initiated to increase the green cover of the Campus. The concept of Navgrah Vatika has also been worked out by raising plants in pots and arranging them in a pattern depicting nine planets. The College has adopted some adjacent villages to undertake plantation at these places. Thus manage to carry out plantation even though sufficient land required for the purpose is not available within the campus. The College believes in the essence of the concept of growing more and more plants irrespective of the location
Vermi-composting unit: A Vermi-composting unit has been set up in the botanical garden to produce compost from the organic matter like leaves, paper, tender peels of fruits etc. This composting unit on one side accounts for the disposal of the organic waste generated in the College and on the other helps in production of compost which is used as organic-fertilizer for the plants grown in the campus. In addition to this vermi-composting unit the College has installed vermi-composting bins in various departments to produce compost from the waste paper generated in the offices or departments during the daily routine work.
Compost Units: At different locations in the campus organic waste composting bins have been installed . These bins bring about the decomposition of organic matter which cannot be fed into the vermi-composting units because of lignified tissues. Such hard and thick leafy material and thick fruit feels are made to decompose in the composting bins to produce organic manure which is then used as organic-fertilizer.
Plastic: Use of single use plastic is banned in the campus this has made the campus more or less free from polythene bags, plastic bottles etc.
E-waste management: Discarded electronic products ranging from computers, pen drives, CDs, electronic appliances and peripherals of these devices which are not in use and cannot be repaired are cumulatively known as E- waste. This waste is scientifically collected in e-waste bins and disposed off as per the standard protocol. All these measures put in place within the have made the campus ecologically sustainable, where a rich flora and fauna coexisting in a harmonious dispensation, and propagate as per their potential without causing any undue stress or damage to one another.
Evidence of success:
  • Energy consumption to run the institution including a large number of appliances has reduced significantly because of the use of LED bulbs and star rated equipments.
  • The solar panels installed generates sufficient power to run the affairs of the college, however the power generated is fed into the grid and the College does not have a direct access to this energy. But a workable agreement is in place with the PDD to pass on the benefit to the College.
  • Existing green patches and other initiatives undertaken to increase the green cover of the campus have helped in enhancing the ecological balance of the campus.
  • Vermi-compost and Manure produced through vermin-composting and simple composting have been used as organic-fertilizer in the plants grown in the campus. The worms (Earth worms) responsible for composting are allowed to multiply in one of the compartments of the compositing unit. These worms are then provided to others as inoculums to start vermin-composting units at their own respective places.
  • The college is plastic free due to ban on single use plastic.
Problem Encountered and resources required:
  • There is dearth of open land as the College is located in the heart of the city, thus scope of green landscaping is limited.
  • Resources for terrace gardening are not available to the extent required.
  • Maintenance of the plants is an issue as monkeys in the College damage green saplings at will.
  • College is centrally located in the midst of a busy city as such the particulate matter in air is higher than the permissible level, and honking of the vehicles outside increase the noise pollution to unacceptable decibel levels.

Best Practice-2: Open Art Club

Objectives of the practice:

  • Provide an opportunity to the students to identify their creative Talent.
  • Recognize ethnic and traditional arts.
  • Use waste material for creative work.
  • Use plant parts for creative work.
The Context: The College represents a microcosm of the population of J&K and Ladakh. This region is a repository of rich Dogra, Buddhist and Kashmiri culture. Students coming from remote corners of the Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir including Ladakh belong to different cultural backgrounds, diverse ethnic groups and economically discrete sections. Most of these regions are still underexplored in terms of cultural richness, food habits, diversity of flora and fauna, festivals, places of historical importance, tourism potential, religious places, sources of economy etc. Students of these regions are themselves the messengers of the regional heritages, epitomes of raw talents, unmindful of their inherent strengths and weaknesses, unaware of the opportunities available, clueless about the career ahead etc. This mosaic group of girls brimming with talent and untapped energy deserves some creative space without any interference, any inhibitory notion, any unnecessary competition and peer pressure. A space that provides opportunity to a girl to talk to herself, work with tools and articles to give vent to the nascent talent lying hidden somewhere within.
The Practice: Being mindful of the fact, that a rich pool of talent and raw skill sets remain hidden in most of the enrolled students the College has put in place a multitude of facilities for conventional activities like games, cultural events etc. Besides these activities of conventional nature, non conventional activities centres established in the College stand to bring to the fore certain creative skills which remin embedded under the layers of tradition, inhibition, cultural dogmas and low levels of confidence within the girls. Open Art Club is one such centre that facilitates the girls to rip open the cover of inhibition and shyness thereby allows them to recognize their own capabilities and hidden talents. The club provides a working space to the girls to fiddle with materials of art like paints, brushes, broken bottles; discarded plastic materials plant parts (seeds, Leaves, Flowers, Spines etc) to identify their creative talent. These and many other materials including the work space are provided by the College. The students are informed through class representative and notices displayed on notice boards about such a facility available in the College. Large number of students show interest and make use of this facility thereby give exposure to their creative talents by creating out of the box creations from simple materials like seeds, leaves , flowers, old bottles, cloth etc. The college identifies the talented students who have demonstrated their prowess in some specific traits, and thereafter enrols them for diploma or certificate courses in Art and crafts.
Uniqueness: This practice is unique in itself for the fact that the College attempts to provide the required initial kindling impetus to the students of varied denominations to understand themselves in terms of the creative talent. The College enrolment number goes up to 6000 students in a year, and it is normal to expect, that a large number of students shall be blessed with certain special talents but due to inhibitions or lack of initial motivation these specific traits remain untapped. With limited efforts this practice helps the students to realise their creative abilities by themselves.
Limitations: The main constrain is the difficulty to break the traditional inhibitions which seem to have entrenched in the psyche of the girls. These inhibitions detach the students from any other activity beyond the routine ones.
Evidences of Success: Over the years a large number of students have taken part in activities like, decorating plastic and glass bottles of different sizes and shapes with coloured ribbons and paints of different colours. Landscape paintings, greeting cards from plant specimens, cloth bags have been made. Needle and thread work has been used to decorate curtains, handkerchiefs, cloth bags, pillow covers and face masks. Paintings of flowers and many creative designs have been drawn on plastic trays to give them decorative look. Further, exhibitions of these art works have been organized during celebrations associated with various local festivals. Owing to the interest generated in the students during the activities carried out in this Open Art Club and the splendid items of art carved out from simple raw materials, the College administration thought it appropriate to sign a MoU with Budha Art Gallery, Jammu to provide training to some students under the banner of Art and Crafts centre of the College.
Problems Encountered and Resources required:
  • Availability of sufficient space.
  • Deficiency of a trained Art teacher who can chisel the raw talent of the students and raise it to the next level. The skill thus imparted can make the students employable in any art related establishment.
  • Students get very little time to work on these and many other hidden talents in them.
  • College administration / Higher Education Department could pass on instructions to the education institutions to earmark time for such activities as a mandatory requirement.
  • Proper budgetary provisions are required to be earmarked for such activities.
  • Sufficient materials are required to be made available to the students for practice.

Best Practices Supporting Documents